Hassan Rouhani’s second term as president of Iran ends on June 8, 2019. He took office on August 3, 2013. A career diplomat who held various posts throughout the world, Rouhani was the first non-cleric president since 1981.
Dr. Rouhani began his career in Iranian politics as a Supreme National Security Council member in 1988, and was elected to Iran’s parliament in 1990. He served on the Supreme National Security Council from 1993-2005.
In 2005, he was appointed culture minister by President Mohammad Khatami, a fellow former reformist leader. In 2009, then-president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad appointed Dr. Rouhani as the country’s next supreme leader. He held the post for five years until 2013, when he was elected president.
In 2015, when Dr. Rouhani was re-elected, he became the first Iranian president since the 1979 revolution to seek re-election unopposed.
In 2018, Dr. Rouhani released a conservative reform program with the aim of easing economic and social restrictions by loosening restrictions on the social media and banning sexual harassment in the country. He said this could be achieved through regulation of certain sectors including engineering, architecture, tourism, fashion, music, fine arts, education, media, engineering, architecture, communications, law, medicine, and fashion, among others.
Dr. Rouhani speaks Hebrew. He speaks English, Russian, and has studied French and Spanish, among other languages.
During his second term as president, Dr. Rouhani has promoted a dialogue with the Trump administration and urged the Iranian people to have hope in the resolution of the nuclear deal as long as it was beneficial to them. He has said Trump’s withdrawal from the nuclear deal violated the deal but suggested Iran would try to make it more beneficial to the Iranian people.
Dr. Rouhani has said that the United States is an imperfect and isolated superpower, and that the treaty on nuclear weapons was the best way to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons and having to threaten other countries with them.